MAJOR ABBREVIATIONS

W dokumencie Dzieci i młodzież Opolszczyzny (Stron 25-31)

r. = year

cd. = continued dok. = continued tabl. = table km = kilometre vol. = volume

METHODOLOGICAL NOTES

POPULATION

1. Data were compiled on the basis of the balances of the size and structure of the population (actually living in a gmina).

2. Data regarding the vital statistics according to territorial division were compiled as follows:

marriages – according to the husband's place of permanent residence before the marriage (in cases when the husband lived abroad before the marriage, the wife’s place of residence before the marriage is used);

separations – according to the plaintiff's place of residence (in case when person filling petition residing abroad, place of residence of a spouse has been taken; in cases unanimous petition of both of persons – residence of husband is used);

divorces – according to the plaintiff's place of residence (in case when person filling petition residing abroad, place of residence of a spouse has been taken);

births – according to the mother's place of permanent residence;

deaths – according to the place of permanent residence of the deceased.

3. Natural increase of the population means the difference between the number of live births and deaths in a given period.

Infant is a child under the age of 1.

Information on births and deaths (including infant deaths) is presented according to criteria of the definition of infant births and deaths recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO).

4. Data on migration of population are elaborated on the basis of information on registration of people for permanent residence. This information does not include changes of address within the same gmina (urban areas) with the exception of urban – rural gminas for which the division into urban and rural areas has been kept.

5. Rates concerning vital statistics and migration of the population were calculated as the ratio of the number of facts of the defined kind to the number of population registered for permanent residence (as of 30 VI).

LABOUR MARKET

Economic activity of the population

1. Data in tables 17 /47. were compiled on the basis of the Labour Force Survey (LFS), a sample survey conducted on a quarterly basis using the continuous observation method, i.e., economic activity of the population is surveyed each week during the course of every quarter.

The survey covers persons aged 15 and more, being members of households in dwellings selected on a random basis. The survey does not cover the members of households absent for longer than 2 months except persons whose absence results from the type of their job. The term a household means a group of related people living together and keeping themselves jointly. The survey does not include institutional households.

2. The main criterion in dividing the population into economically active and inactive is job, i.e. performing, holding or looking for a job.

Economically active persons include employed and unemployed persons.

Economically inactive persons are persons who are not classified either as employed or unemployed.

3. The activity rate is calculated as the share of economically active persons in the total population (aged 15 and more) and in a given group.

The employment rate is calculated as the share of employed persons in the total population (aged 15 and more) and in a given group.

The unemployment rate for a survey period is calculated as the relation of the number of unemployed persons (total or in a given group) to the total economically active population as well as to a given group.

4. Due to rounding-off results of the Labour Force Survey (LFS), sum of components in tables 16 /46. differ from the amount given in the item “total”.

Employment. Unemployment

1. Data regarding graduates starting work for the first time concern full-time paid employees (excluding seasonal and temporary employees).

2. Data concerning average paid employment include exclusively employees hired on the basis of an employment contract. Information concerns full- (including seasonal and temporary employees) and part-time paid employees in terms of full-time paid employees.

3. Data regarding registered unemployed persons include persons who, in accordance with the Law dated 20 IV 2004 on Promotion of Employment and Labour Market Institutions, in force since 1 VI 2004 (Journal of Laws No. 99, item 1001 with later amendments are classified as unemployed.

4. The unemployed aged up to 25 years are persons who were under 25 years of age till the day they became recipients of the labour market instruments. Until October 2005 they were persons, who were aged less than 25 in the calendar year.

5. Among the unemployed registered within 12 months since the end of education are included unemployed persons who in the mentioned period completed (confirmed by a diploma, certificate, or other document) school education on the level higher than lower secondary level (basic vocational, and secondary), post-secondary, tertiary, special school, full-time occupational courses with the duration of at least 24 months, or obtained the rights to perform a job as disabled persons.

6. Inflow to unemployment means the number of persons who were registered in powiat labour office during a month, quarter and year.

Outflow from unemployment means the number of persons who within a year were withdrawn from labour office registers, due to different reasons, i.e., taking permanent or seasonal job, starting interventional or public work, unreadiness to work, entering education, acquirement of pension rights, etc.

7. Job offers comprise job vacancies reported by employers and positions for occupational on a job training and accepted for fulfillment work positions with the framework of interventional works, public works and traineeships, as well as within the framework of order-agreements and work agreements.

8. Information on accidents at work embraces also accidents treated as being equivalent to accidents at work. Presented data do not include accidents at work on private agricultural farms;

in budgetary entities conducting activity within the scope of national defence and public safety concern only civilian employees.

Each accident, regardless whether the person injured was injured during an individual or mass accident, is counted as a single accident at work.

Wages and salaries

1. Wages and salaries include monetary payments as well as the value of benefits in kind or their equivalents due to employees for work performed.

Presented data concern employees’ wages and salaries in the economic entities employing more than 9 persons as well as in entities of the budgetary sphere regardless of the number of employees (excluding as follows: private farms in agriculture, associations, political parties, trade unions, social organizations, employers organizations, economic and professional self-government, clergy as well as Polish State Railways).

2. Data regarding average wages and salaries concern full-time paid employees as well as part-time paid employees, the wages and salaries of whom have been converted into those of full-time paid employees.

3. Data regarding wages and salaries are given in gross terms, i.e., including deductions for personal income taxes and since 1999 also employee’s contributions to compulsory social security (retirement, pension and illness).

EDUCATION

The educational system in Poland functions according to the Education System Act dated 7 IX 1991(uniform text Journal of Laws 2004 No. 256, item 2572, with later amendments) and the Higher Education Act dated 27 VII 2005 (Journal of Laws No. 164, item 1365) with later amendments.

Pre-primary education as a first stage of education is realized in nursery schools and pre-primary sections of primary schools; and in 2008/09 school year also in primary education groups and pre-primary points according to a decree of the Minister of National Education dated 10 I 2008 (Journal of Laws No. 7, item 381).

Among schools covered by the educational system there are:

― since 1999/2000 school year – 6-year primary schools and 3-year lower secondary schools, where education is compulsory, and which replaced 8-year primary schools.

― since 2002/03 school year, upper secondary schools.

1. Until 2005/06 school year data include upper secondary (post-primary) schools.

2. Data on general secondary schools include supplementary general secondary schools.

3. Basic vocational education include: basic vocational schools and special job-training schools.

4. Data on technical secondary schools include supplementary technical secondary schools and art schools leading to professional certification.

5. Data on post-secondary schools concern schools for youth.

6. In 2000/01 academic year data concern day study system, since 2001/02 – full-time programmes.

Schools and establishments can be public, non-public and (with the except of higher education institutions) non-public with the competence of a public schools.

Enrolment rate:

net – is the relation of the number of people studying (as of the beginning of the school year) on a given educational level (within a given age group) to the population (as of 31 XII) in the age group defined as corresponding to this educational level.

Data regarding pre-primary education as well as schools (excluding higher education institutions), if not otherwise stated, concern the beginning of the school year, data concerning graduates — the end of the school year.

HEALTH CARE

1. Data presented in this chapter within the scope of health care include information concerning public and non-public activities of the health care services excluding health care services of the Ministry of National Defence, the Ministry of the Interior and Administration as well as health care in prisons.

2. Out-patient health care – provision by providers of health care services to persons not requiring treatment either in round-the-clock conditions nor all day (Law on Health Care Services Financed from Public Founds, dated 27 VIII 2004, Journal of Laws No. 210, item 2135, with later amendments).

3. Consultation provided by doctors and dentists (until May 31, 2004 – stomatologists) are presented together with preventive examinations and consultation provided by doctors and dentists conducting medical practice. Other than consultations granted provided to the general population, consultation provided in out-patient department of occupational health care are also included.

4. Data regarding beds in general hospitals do not include places (beds and incubators) for newborns as well as places in day wards.

In general hospitals types of wards are given in accordance with the decree of the Minister of Health, date 16 VII 2004 (Journal of the Laws No. 238, item 2402) with later amendments. Included in surgical wards are: general surgery, paediatric surgery, orthopaedic trauma surgery and neurosurgery; in communicable diseases wards – communicable diseases wards.

5. According to the Law on the State Emergency Medical Services, dated 8 IX 2006 (Journal of Law No. 191, item 1410) with later amendments, data regarding emergency medical services and first aid include units reported to the rescue system (emergency medical services, hospital emergency wards, medical air rescue) and health-care services rendered by emergency medical services and medical air rescue in emergency situations with risk to life or health (except cases of illness) In the place of occurrence.

6. Data regarding incidence of illnesses, are presented according to the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD-10 Revision), valid since 1997.

7. Data concerning vaccinations indicate the percentage of children and youth who, in a specific year were vaccinated (in accordance with the vaccination schedule) and became resistant to a given infectious disease.

SOCIAL WELFARE

1. Care and education centres for children and young people are presented in accordance with the Law on Social Welfare of 12 III 2004 (Journal of Laws No. 64, item 593) with later amendments.

The centre provides the child with round-the-clock permanent or temporary care and also secures the necessary livelihood, developmental – including emotional, social and religious – needs of the child, and secures the child's benefiting from services to which he/she is entitled on the basis of separate regulations on health care services and education.

2. Foster family provides care and upbringing of a child deprived in part or in full of parental care.

3. Adoptive family – parents who adept a foreign in biological terms child to their family with all resulting from this fact legal consequences; between the child and the new family arise legal relations like in a normal one.

4. Data concerning social welfare homes and facilities are related to the institutions, for which the founding bodies are: local self-government entities, associations, social organizations, churches and religious associations, foundations, natural and legal persons.

Types of social welfare homes and facilities are presented in accordance with the Law on Social Welfare dated 12 III 2004 (Journal of Laws No. 64, item 593) with later amendments.

CULTURE AND SPORT

1. Books and pamphlets as well as newspapers and magazines constitute the collection of public libraries.

A borrower is a person who in the course of a reporting year was registered at a library and checked out at least one item.

2. Information regarding the activity of cultural centres and establishments, clubs and community centres was compiled on the basis of periodic surveys conducted every two years.

3. Sport is a form of physical activity aimed at human improving his psycho-physical forces, undertaken individually or collectively, according to conventional rules.

4. Sports club is a basic organizational unit which carries out the objectives and tasks in the field of physical culture acting as a legal or natural person being entrepreneur within the meaning of the Act of 2nd July 2004 on freedom of economic activity (Journal of Laws No 173, item 1807, with later amendments) as well as in form of associations whose statutes do not provide for economic activity.

5. Sports section is a basic organizational unit in a sports clubs, tackling the statutory tasks, gathering players practicing one sports discipline. Each section of the sport must be registered in the relevant sports union.

6. Sports discipline is an independent branch of the sport separated by varying the forms of physical movement, equipment, facilities as well as rules regulating the competition.

7. A person practicing sports is a person who actively practices a defined sports discipline by taking part regularly in training or another form of sporting activities as well as in sporting or recreational events.

8. In the category of persons practicing sports, one person may be indicated more than once, depending upon the number of disciplines practiced. Depending on their age, persons practising sports are categorized either as juniors or as seniors; various age groups are applied for individual disciplines.

9. Juniors are all persons practicing sports not as seniors, but only juniors, younger juniors, sub juniors and children, both boys and girls. There is no explicit age limit for this category of competitors because in separate disciplines and even in events as part of one discipline, it may be different.

PUBLIC SAFETY

1. An ascertained crime is an event, which after the completion of preparatory proceedings was confirmed as a crime. In connection with the Criminal Code of 1997 crime is a felony or misdemeanour prosecuted upon by public accusation or private accusation by a public prosecutor, moreover every revenue related misdemeanour, the character of which was confirmed as a crime as a result of preparatory proceedings.

Information regarding ascertained crimes has been prepared on the basis of police statistics, supplemented with information on investigation conducted by the prosecutor’s office and family on juvenile proceedings in courts.

2. Family cases include proceedings with respect to juveniles concerning:

prevention and counteraction demoralization of persons under the age of 18,

proceedings in cases concerning punishable acts committed by persons between the age of 13–17,

execution of educative and corrective measure concerning persons with regard to whom such measures have been adjudicated, but not longer than until the age of 21.

Court proceedings against juveniles are based on the Law dated 26 X 1982 on Proceedings Involving Juveniles (uniform text, Journal of Laws 2002 No. 11, item 109, with later amendments).

3. A resolved case is a case with regard to with: a sentence or order has been issued or the proceedings have been suspended or combined with another case, or which has been transferred to a different kind of court or authority.

A case which involves a number of persons is considered resolved when this applies to all the persons.

2005 2008 lata

years

0 5 10 15 20 24

2 4 6 8 10

DZIEWCZÊTA FEMALES CH£OPCY

MALES

Nadwy¿ka liczby ch³opców nad liczb¹ dziewcz¹t Excess of males over females

2 4 6 8 10 tys.

thous.

thous.tys.

Nadwy¿ka liczby dziewcz¹t nad liczb¹ ch³opców Excess of females over males

DZIECI I M£ODZIE¯ WED£UG P£CI I WIEKU

W dokumencie Dzieci i młodzież Opolszczyzny (Stron 25-31)