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SECTOR SPECIFIC SOUBCES OF COMPETITIVENESS

ON

THE POLISH WOOD MARKET - PERSPECTIVE OF THE ELIMINATION OF SEVEBAL BARRIERS

CHUDOBIECK Jan

LIS

Wojcech.

ABSTFACT:

The

compelrliveness

oi lhe

Po sh forest and wood induslry, rr pafricuar, the wood

markel tseli,

depends

on

many laclors which shape

-

10 a various exienl

ts basc

measure, i.e.

a

shate

ol

lhe ndustry or each oi ils seciors in the open nl€rnalronal ma*el, Th€rcJore. the wood narkel is a speciljc one where economtc problems and lhe ecolog cal ones ex

sl.

n

lhis area rssues of suslainabilty and lhe suslainab e deve opment

wilbe

essential.

Sludes ol the processes occuffng on th s rnarkel and in lhe loresl and wood seclor were focused on

lhe

needs of praclica operallons rather lhan on the lheoretica aspect. Insl tuliona rzatioi of th

s

special case

ol lhe

markel makes

il is

very dependenl on the economc poicy loois,

incuding lh€ legslatiof policy.

This

paper

reierring

io

both, the theorelcal assurnplions and lhe case sludres proves llre need ior the economic analyss ol law and ts

tocis

n the course of researches of lhe seclo..

KEY WoFDSj wood markel, compel iveness, mezzo economrcs (rnesoeconomrcs), law and economics,

of the comparson ol the

prrces.

However. accordrng

lo

Piskorz [1998],

this

concepl

has

many disadvantages.

Cenain factors exist which cause thai a product characl€rized

by the

absolule price advartage, s nol successlul in the intemalona irade. Export €xpanson may

be

hindered

by

unsal siaclory qualily, deivery lerms and condtions as well as

any

existing

irade

barriers.

The

aclua

slalus ol

cornparalive advantages oi indvidual branches

of the

Polsh foresi and wood seclor s rellecled by

the

evel and the structure oJ foregn lrade (wilh feference 10 such products). inc udtng, n

parllcular, the wood and lumture induslry IBiemacka2007].

The trad tionalapproach. wh ch. in the scope

ol llre

examinalton

of ihe

wood sectors compelliveness applies the ex p0s1 approach. usualy concenlrales on cosls and prces and iakes the iollow ng

ndexes nio

accounts:

lerfirs of

trade iidex, relative prces index. unil costs

aid

prices rndex, real exchange rale index as

wel as lhe DRC

(dornestic r,"source

cosl).

Subsequently,

the

quanltalive approach was presented, includrng both, the share rn the inlemalrona trad€ and

lhe

balance

of trade as wel as

lhe

ndexes oi expodimporl

realonships

leading 10 the dentilcaiioi

oi comparatve advantages.

On lhe

other lrand, lhe ex anle approach requ res lhe

compulalona melhods or

advanced

mathematica models, Examrnation ol lhe

nternationai competilveness ol

the

Polish wood ndusiry on the bass of the geneml balance model

s an

nleresl ng proj€cl, which s

stil

und€r way (GTAP

-

G obal Trade Anaysis Prolect).

From the perspeclve ol lhe systen

and on the basis of ihe

slraleglc rnanagem€rt approach

as lhe

starting point, the branch could be seen nol lrom the

ange

of

a

product,

bul il colld

be Perce

ved as the

economic system

(t

comprses

oi

regularly

and

praclically relaled entiles). In such a case. ior needs ol the exarn nalion, lhe

resut

ndexes of tlre econorn c syslems performance may

be proposed [see:

S

nk,

1985;

Jankowska, 20051. At lhe same lrme, the

instilutioialization

ol lhe specia

case (lhat

is

the wood segmenl) causes

it

is very dependent on tools ol lhe economc po

cy. ncuding lhe

legislalion policy Thereiore, i1 tums

o!t,

wilh r€ference to the theorelrcal assumptrons and the case

study, tlral in the recent yearc

the impoftance

ol

the economic analyss of aw and ils

lools n ihe

contexl

ol

the research of the sector has grown up.

2. Belation

between

the

economics

and the law in the contert ol

researches of lhe segment

Plevious defrnilons

ol lhe Law

&

Econonics

ltom

one hand characterize the subject

oi

interest of this discipine, irom

lhe

other hand, they reier

to

used research method Th€ economic anaysis of lhe law lries

lo

loresee etfects

ol

the mpaci of eslabished legal sanclions on the behavror of humans foooler and U en 2009j.

ln Poand, n smlar way il

s

deined by the Balcerowicz [1993]. who

rei€rs ihe law I

Economica

io

lhe

analyss ol the

growth

and

economic elfects ol drilerent legal regu alions. From

the olher hand, a

proposal

of

the

Kerkmeester [2000] menltons

lhe

economic analysis

of

aw on lhe bass ol lhe raliona choice theory. ll refers to the Beckers deiinilron [1990] who slales thal

lhe

economic analysis

ol the aw

uses,

aparl from the ralionaiV iheory

th€

fo lowing concepts:

maximizalon of lhe objeclrve luncion of

d fierent economic enl ties and - lne ratance

Both

above-rnentioned

concepls

are combined

by the

Mackaay [2000] who lo lows lhe Row ey [1 989. 2005], say ng,

lhat th€

economc

anayss ol lhe

law means use ol the iheory ol lhe economcs and

ils loos lo

examn€ and

to

creat-.

the processes and

meaing ol

the law;

however,

lhe

aw is nol perceived as an exogenous

elemenl n realon to

ihe economy

syslem but as ils

intemal vanaD e.

The economc anaysis oi the

law

s

nol iree lrom bafiiers. ll

resulls lrom

Inrted

avaiabilty

oi

the empircal data, wh

ch is necessary to

formulate

1, INTRODUCTION

The

compeliliveness

of the

Po sh

wood market, incuding ils

ndividua sectors, s aflecled by a ser es oi faclors.

Hence, an

rnpor'1anl

eemeni oi

a

diagnosls is

denlfical

on ol

laclors

having

an

nlluence

oi the

posilon of

Poand

n the int€malona market in lhe

leld

of wood rnalerals and producis as

we as tlreir extenl. Exanrnng

the economc decisions, which may resull n ateral;ons

ol the'weght

of

a

pairicular

faclor wilh

acknowedged probablily, impacl

on the

competilveness

ol

the

induslry rnay be expected on lhe bass ol

the

imponance 01 such

a

decison [Ls 2008, Wanal and Lis 20121.

Eva ualion

of lhe

compelitiveness may be carried oul, among olhers, rr {orm

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FORUM MANAZERA 2/2013

fypoihess, which could be verrfi€d. Aso the assumption of lhe ratona ty

oi

uniis, vJhich

s

essential one

ln

economics, s questoned. Unti now, r€searches based 0n lhe economic analysis ol the law n the

leld ol

lhe rnezzo economics, has been ratlrer

rare,

This siluation determnes a need for the scentilic activity e.g. in the

ied

of anayss ol lhe cosls and benefils ars ngfrom new ega regualtons.

The correlal on between

the ogc ol

lhe aw and the logc oi choce - thai ts logic 011he social acliv ty lsima 20041 enables deleminalion

of

relations between lhe economics

and the law in lorm ol

a process ol lraislormation of lh€ ranty of goods into lhe weath.

The economic anaysis ol

lhe

aw ol

ihe

neoclassic streanr

was

subjecl ol crilrcrsm by the Austra economists. The crticism of the explaintng aspect is based

3. Examples of selected research methods or lhe Law&Economics " case study lor the wood market

in the

conlemporary economy ihe dlemma ol the economic choice behveen the econom

c

groMh and the defici,Ancy

of lhe

resources regards

the

wood managemenl tield as we

.

In the fofesl &

wood seclor

il s

necessary

lo

cornbne

the economrc and the

productton

lunclons oJ

a

lorests

as

well

as

non- prodLiclion funcions they periorm lor lhe soc

eiy

locally. regionaly and globally.

A balance on the secloral

(parlia) markets has

a signlicanl

mpacl on lhe balance

ol lhe enlire economy.

The

cassic

econom

cs and lhe

neoclassc economics defne lhe wood makel as lhe gen€rai exchange between vendofs and custom€rs,

oi lhe

wood and

all

goods

young sub-discple

ol lhe

economics thal is the mezzo-economrcs, in parlcular

-

ts domain

caled

seclorial economics, The organizalion ol th€ wood rnarket and consequent condiions make thal the Law

&

Ecanonics

nay

and shoud have an rnpacl on ils

operalon t

is fellected by the reseafch rnelhods used by the Law &

Economics

loender

2005].

3.1. Rational ChoiceTheory

The theory relerred lo above may be used as a modelto crealelhe hypotheses regarding

the

behavior

on the

market.

Frorn lhe jniormal point ol view a choce s deemed

lo

be ralrona iJ ti is intended and conssleni (wel -considered, ralonally

juslified).

In turn,

lhe

ralional

ponl

ol

view

emphaszes

thal the

consumers

have lempoary

preierefces

and

lhey head lor rnax m zation

ol

useiulness of the r pretercnces, which are reslricted in some

way

This lheory may be applied

lo

predict a choice connected e g. with lhe civillaw

r

the field ofconlracts. The legal decisons are simiar lo th€ rnarkel

decrsons. A

choice.

which

means observance

or

non-observance

ol

a

particuar provsion

oi

aw, is conn-acled

wth a

partcular

pnce.

Therelore, lhe behavor of a person makjng a decision is usually based on cosls aising irom a choice and the same silualion exisls in case of lhe markel decisons

Example: In case of a lailure to follow lhe terms and condilions oi a contract a

paiy

which commits an inirngement s obliged to pay an

indemiily

which

is

a cost ol lhe failure to lolow lhe prcvsions ol lhe

contracl.

ln accordance wilh the ralional choice theory

a

person, who makes

a choce,

shall

acl n ine

wilh imposed lawcontract provis ons provtded lhat lhe cosl of the rnf ngement exceeds the costs ol ihe allernative behavior.

3.2. Endowment Etfect

The

endowmenl

ellecl

occuTs when a consurrrer |5 more delemned lo accepl a pafiicu ar producl lhan lo pay lor il.

Example: An owner ol a

parllcLrlaf pfoduct would be less prone to sell il lhan

il

on lwo accusations The lirst one is too s

fiplfied

human's behavror (econometnc

models)

The second one

-

mpossib iiy

oi

applicalron oi the tradltiona economc

analysis in fealon lo

non-markel

behavors. The nornalive layer

is crlcized, lrom lime to ttrie, for no €thrcal

basE ll

s accus€d of isting ol lhe soca

categores and the egal

categories logelher with lhe cash categories. In the

Auslia slream ihe

law and the ethics were integlaled into a one and cohetenl scrence locused

on

humans behavior lch rupczalski 2008, p.61.

manufactured

wth use of thls

m!!

maleial, whose

decisions

shape

lhe supply and the demand, as weli as their mutual relations

n

this

ied

lHala]czak

20011.

The wood market s concenlraled on the generallfansactional pfocesses in th€

Iorest and wood

seclor

slan ng lrom ihe cfeation and the exchange ol informatior.

negotations, and

linally

decrsions

or

rea zation of the transactions

in

Tealon to olfered goods and periormed servtces lwanat

200S].

In iact, dilfereni lheories ano tlr€ research rnelhods proposed by lhe economic analysis

oilhe

aw orignate Trorn the doctrinal concepls,

bul at

th€

same

lrrie,

in cedain

lelds it

s possible t0 adopt

them.

Thercfore,

il

s possbe to base on lhe expenence of a re alively

i1

Fg.

L

lnleracuon belween the econom cs and th€ taw n the Uetd ot tog c oi the socialacliviry Source:O,rn

%reld 01th"o.srso,

F,S,"rd 2o0r pcl

(3)

to purchase t if he/she has noi owned the

producl. in

practice: the

wll ol

making paymeni for a product nay be less than a sultjecive perception of ts va ue. Such a s tualior rneans a willof havng a product wilhoul paying

it

The s tualton refefied to aDove may concern, e.9., prvate loresls expensve fumilure

etc.

App/icaion ot the endowment eilecl is possible in case aproducl is

p

ced by

a coud.

Usuaty,

lhe

maTkel

vaue

thal

is

readness 10

pay. does nol respond 10 the subjective

vaue

accepted

by bolh

pafti€s, whch

rnay fesul from asenllmenla

value connecled wtlh a pairicular product.

3.3. Coase Theofem

Ronald Coase [1960] argued thal the goal ol

the

egislalon shoud be creation of a system

ol aws which would

enable achiev€mert

ol lhe

economc eflcency The law system has an inlluence on the

lransaclona costs and ts goal

s

minirnizalon

ol lhe

losses

and

costs.

Acc. lo the Coase iheorem, I

no

transactional

costs exist no

legal

regulations

are

necessary lchrupczalski

2008. p47 52]'. However,

ihe trafsactronal

costs may be

endlessy

h

gh

thefefore, h€ says lhere musl extsl rnrts and after they have been exceeded.

an aternalve lor the lree

markel

excnange musl be established [Cooter and Ul€n 2009, pp.101-1071.

Example:

lf the

Coase theorem was appled lo lhe optimizalron ol plnciples of

sale of ihe wood maleral in

Poand, plobab y

i

wouid be possble 10 estab sh an economic limil, inslead oi lhe poliiical limil. exceeding

ol

which woud resull n estab shing of an allefiralive for the free rnarkel exchange.

I

should be nolced lhai the positton

ol tlre moropolisl ls held by

the

Paislwowe Gospodarslwo Lesne Lasy Panslwowe

(PGLLP [Nalona

Foresl Hodingl)

whch s

n iacl the soe vendor

of the

materia

on lhe market and

il mposes lhe lerms and coidilrons of ihe

sae of the wood lchudobeck el

al.

2011, p.6-4. ln lhe recent

years, pfinciples

ol

saie

oi

the wood in Poand have been substanlaly

amended.

By

2006

the only form of the whoesale ol

lhe rourd wood was trade negotiations (in case

0l

very vallabl€ wood olher forrns were applied). Alter a wave of cornrnon

cnticism

(accusaltons

ol

corruption, inJomal markel €xslenceJ

in

2007 lhe Foresl

and Wood lnterrei

portal was

launched [see: hltpr/www.z p.tasy gov.p/

drewnol.

Ths Jom

has been subject oi

lrequenl

allerallons subsequenl years.

Presently, some temporary principl€s are

bindrng, so called \rvood

sale procedures

.

Whal is lhe r eifect?

No stable

econorn/c

po|cy in

lhe lorest and wood seclor, reslrling n out of conltol colisron belween the rnlervening regulaions and ihe markel mechan sms does n01 promote developmert

ol

the

Polish wood sector and

ts

compeltiveness

eve. 51l, t

directty

afl€cts lhe prces of lhe wood observed n Poland in lhe recenl yeals (see Fgure 2).

I tuns

oul

llral lh€

valid reguations in scope o1 the sae oi the wood applied by

lhe

Nalional

Hodng

are far away from lhe

loos

of lhe economic anaiysis ol the aw, which could be appied, and they do not respond 1o the needs 01 the etfective forest managernent and expeclaiions ot the wood

market.

No slable econorntc policy

ior ihe

{orest and wood secior,

resullng in oul ol control

co ison beiween

lhe

in1€rvening regLilations and

lhe makel mechansms. does

not promole deveoprn€nt of the Polsh wood sector and iis compeliltveness level Isee:

Fatalczak 20131. Slill.

il

difectly affects

Fig.2. The average prlce ol Woorl offered the Natona For€stHotdinq (pcLLpJ, j998 2013 Source: Own eaboralon based on data pubished by

the

Cenlra Stalist ca Oftice rn Poand, 1998 20l3lrtplll/1wv'sral.gov.pi/gus/t use 07.11 20131

the prices ol lhe wood obserued in Poland

in

the recent years lohudobieckr

el

al.

2011

p8l

3.4. Network Exte|nalities

A staning po nt is an assertio'r thai the ac1

oi

loining

the

nehxork

is

advarlageous

for all

remaining memberc

oi t.

Ths

theorelcally sirnpe rclation. reJerred lo in

the

preceding sentence,

has a

great

nl

uence 0n lhe

competiiveness slrategies and the efJiciency tr case ol the nelwork nalure

markels. The

nelwork externalilres theory app

es to.

among othels.lhecompelttion aw

Example: Exstenc€ ol monopolies on the wood rnarkel

is

ralher comrnon

(e.g

on

the Poish wood

material markel the National Forest Holding dominates). The network externalily

is

characleized by operalons which persuade the use6 1o

slay wth n the network.

3.5 GamesTheory

The

games iheory

orgnates

frorn the malhernalcal anaysis ol sluation, where a conlict

ol

nletesls exists, and lhere is a necessty

lor

makng

an

opltma choce resulting

n

under cenan circumslances a des red

resul.

Models deveoped on

the basis ol the

garnes

theory

may concefn diflerenl markels,

wlh

dtilerenl

The ayeragg prir*

of

w,rod offgred ths l!{llsnr,

For63l Holdrng

rn

ooland,

1998-2013

:fl{r.rlll

llu ltl

ll

r!_

it,&l

c,fl lPflx$li 1Hflhgfr

58

(4)

F6BUM

MANAZERA

22013

Example: Analysis 01

lhe

behavior ol companies having a sedous share n lhe markel. The

p

ce stral€gy accepted by one

ol

them musl give consideratior'r io

lhe

rnanner

olher

panicipants

in

lhe market behave (acl). Such siluaiions are similar to a game, where padicipanls are persuaded'lo seect a parlcular stralegy, whal is supposed lo assure lheir success lolender 2005, p.12 menlions, e

g.

lhs

pisone/s dilenrna and the

Nash

equirbr.rnl. The games theory applres n lhe field ol lhe coniraclual law (liabililes),

and in pafticular, in lhe lied

ol pefformance oi lhe contracls,

3.6. Path Dependence

Appicalon ol lhe

theory

ol lhe

path

dependence is not limrted to lhe market behavors only (e.9. market choce is nol necessarly an oplrrna

one). lt is

also importanl when choosrng

lhe

aw. Among others

i

regards lhe compeltion aw

Example: Observance

oi lhe

relations between sectoF using new lechnologies enables jdeniiication of lhe compulsioi of use oi wo6e (olde0lools ortechnologes even

ii

belier

soutons exist.

However,

the

betler lools cannol

be

used since cenain

bafie6

exsl (e.9. limlted lorms oi purchase oi ihe wood malera - Jrom one hand based on lhe new technologies bul

ifom

the olher hand deterrnined by ihe vendor s lmonopolist] inslitulional bafi ers.

4. CONCLUSTONS

To analyze the economc eificiency of cenain proposed and polenlia solutions, some tools of the economic analysrs oJ

lhe

aw may be applied, stadng trom the un versa tools rcierred

lo heren.

The

mosi

nleresting iheory, which seerns lo

be

adequale,

is ihe

economc contract theory

-

based

on so

called agency

games. lt

pays special aflention

lo

the ratonalrt'/ and the lransactional cosls as wellas 10 lhe sde etfects, the asymmetry

oi

inlomralron

and the operalon

ol monopoles.

I

only main

goas ol the

economic theory ol conlracts were appled lo verly lhe solulons used on lhe wood markel,

many

conflicl siluations

n tlre

seclol would be avoided. Some ol them, wofth

of

menloning, are: possiblity

ol

use o1

the agency games logelher

wiih cooperalve sol]tions

(and gvng

the non-cooperative ones up); promolon of efiective dscosure

ol

inlormation in the lramework

ol lhe

conlTaciua relalions, prolecllon

oi an oplima soulon

and

obligalon lo

provide

servces and

lo operai€ on the basis of lh-A

oplnal

trust

ll

seems

il is

necessary

to

head ioT

mlnimzation of the transaclional cosls by assumnce

ol the

ellecl

ve

disposilive provisons

and

contractual regulalions.

And

finaly, il is

necessary 1o promole

reliable relations, which selile

the

problems of

cooperal

on

(and

perlormance oflhe conlfacls), beyond the couds (inlervention by lhe siale).

obviousy, lhe previous oulput ol the economrc analysis of

lhe

aw, teferrng to

the

large extent

lo lhe

common law,

Tequ

Tes rcsearcnes and a

new

peGpective adjusled

to lhe

European

(coniiienta) and

Polish

legal

system.

App cation ol the Law

I

Ecoromlcs may have a subslantial and posilive impact on the

qlalty

of the law and

ils

economic consequences.

5. REFERENCES

[1]Balcerowicz 1., 1993. Syslemy

gospodarcze. Elenenty

anahzy

p o r6w naw cze j, W a$zaw a.

[2]Becker G., 1990 Ekononicma leaia zachav/ai ludzkich, W arczawa.

l

Bietnacka

1.,2au

, Analiza

[6]Coase

B. H.,

196a, The Prcblen af

Socta/ Cosl Journal ol Law

and

Economics, Vol.3.

[4

Cooler R., ulen T.,

2009,

Ekonomozna analiza prawa, Wyd. C.H Beck, Warszawa.

[8] Jankowska

B.

20A5, MiQdzynaradowa konkwencyjnaSC

braniy na

przykladzie

polskiei branzy

budawlanei

w

latach

1994 2001,Wydaw. AE, Pozna6.

[9] Kerkneesler H., 2000, ltrlelhodology:

General

lnl

Bolckaert

8.,

De Geesl G.

led), Encyclopedia af Law

and

Economics Chellenharn.

llllLis

W., 2008, Ihe Conpetit|eness ot

Polish Woad lnduslry and

Farcstry- Wooden Sectot at the Backgtound of the

European Union, lnt)

SERIA

SlowaEyszenie Ekonomist6w Bolniclwa iAgrobiznesu. Boczniki Naukowe, Vol. X No.4, pp.107-113.

IlllMackaay

E.,2000. History af law and econonics, lin:l Bouckaerl 8., De Geesl

G. \ed.)

Encychpedia

af Law

and Economlcs, Che tenham.

[12]Olender f,1., 2445. Law

and

Econonbs

ekanoniczna analEa prawa,

llnN EdukacF Prawnicza, Na.

5,

n3lPiskorz W.,

1998,

Uwa

nkowanta

znan

w poziante

i

bilansie abrctow w

handlu

zagranicznyn

towarani

rolna-

spoiryczynL lin:)

Po

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TRANSFER iNOVACIt.

Val. 23n012, pp 7-12. ISSN 1337-7094, Technicke unrverzita v Kosictach, Kosice.

Sovakia,

Address and

contact author's:

Leszek Wanal,

Msc., Canddate

ai lhe

Poznan Life Scrences;

Woiciech

Lls,

Prof., PhD Universrly ol Liie Sc ences:

Jan Chudobieck

PhD, Un vers ty of Liie Sciences.

Name ol lhe organisationj

data of

the

Eng,

PhD Unrversiiy of

Eng

Poznan

Eng

Poznan

0nlne

Poznan Universty ol Lile Sciences, Depadmenl

of

Economcs

and

Wood lndustry l,4aragemeni

ul

Wojska Polskego 38/42 60-627

Poznai

POLAND

E-mail's:

leszek wanat @ up.poznan.pl wl s @ up.poznan.pl chudobeck @up.poznan.pl httpJ/www.sjl.tuke.sMransierinovacii/pag

es/archivlransie123 2012/pdi/007- 012.pdi [use: 06.11.2013].

60

(6)

FORUM MANAZER/A

D:?.lf

(7)

3

NON CONVENTIONAL USAGE OF QUALITY FUNCTION DEPLOYMENT II4ETHODOLOGY DYSKO DdI us

9

THE CAPACITY PLANNING AND INVESTING IN PBODUCTION ASSETS GACEK Slan slaw

17

COIIIPANY STRATEGY DETERI\4INATION IN THE FOOD COMPANY WITH THE USE OFTHE SWOT METHOD INGALDI [,lanuela

21

VSTUP DO PROBLEIIIATIKY ENVIRONIlIENTALNYCH FORESIGHTOVV KONTEXTETRVALEJ UDRZATELNOSTI

INTRODUCTION TO PROBLEMATICS OF ENVIHONIUENTAL FOBESIGHTS IN CONTEXTOF SUSTAINABILITY JEMALA MaTeK, ,]EMALA LubOMiT

34

USING THE STATISTICAL INSPECTION IN QUALITY MANAGEMENT BY STATIC TENSILE TEST OF A MATERIAL

LESTYANSZKA SKURKOVA Kalalina ULEWICZ RObEi| BAJOR P6IET. INGALDI ItrANUEIA

37

PBOGRESIVNE II,lETODY VYVA20VANIA VYROBNVCH LINIEK PROGRESSIVE METHODS OF BALANCING PRODUCTION LINES LoviSKovA Jana. TB6fi/NER l,larc

41

t\,tozNosTt uPLATNENIA KONCEPTU BPI' (BUSSINESS PFOCESS MANAGEMENT)V SLOVENSKYCH OBGANIZACIACH

possrBlLtTtES oF BPM {BUSINESS PROCESS ITANAGEMENT) CoNCEPT APPLICATI0N lN CONDITIONS OF SLOVAK ORGANIZATIONS

MABToNoVA lvana PAULoVA lveta

47

I!{EFANIE VVKONNOSTI PODNIKU PROSTREDNiCTVOII,I MERANIA WKONNOSTI PODNIKOVYCH PBOCESOV II,TEASUREII4ENT OF BUSINESS PERFORMANCE THFOUGH I/lEASUREMENT OF BUSINESS PROCESSES PERFORIIIANCE

I4LKVA [4iros ava

52

WOMEN AS LEADEBS OF A NEW ERA ANDTHE LEABNING ORGANIZATION NlKoLlC Gordana,

[ilollldllov

C OLver

56

SECTOR SPECIFIC SOURCES OF COMPETITIVENESS ON THE POLISH WOOD MARKET- PERSPECTIVE OF THE ELIMINATION OF SEVERAL BARRIERS

WANAT Lesz€k, LIS Woicech, CHUDOB ECK Jan

61

II'PORTANT PABAII4ETENS FOB ASSESSINGTHE DECBEASE IN I,|ARKETVALUE TROI,4NER MATC

2

(8)

FORUM I\4ANAZERA

22013

ZAHRANICN| CLENOVIA (Foreign Membets):

Prof . Dr.hab.inz. Stanislaw Borkowski

Czestochowa Univerzily of Technology Facu iy oi tr4anagernent, Poland

dr

ini.

Renata Stasiak-Belleiewska

Czestochowa Unrverz ty ol Technoogy, Facully oi l,lanagement Poand

l$ag. Stefan Friedrich

Ingenium Educalon

-

Inlernalionale Fon- und Weiterbihung, Graz, Auslr a

Doc. PhDr. lng. Ale3 Gregar, CSc.

llniverziia Tornase Bati

ve Zlin6

Fakulla managemenl! a ekonomky CB

Prof. Ing. Larisa Aleksejevna lsmagilova Ufa Stale Aviatioi Techi ca Universly, Russa Prof.Ing. Josef Jablonski, CSc.

un vels q/ 0I tconomtcs HTaque, uH Prof.Ing. Nina lvanovna Klimova

nsliiule

of soca

and economc researches

of

Ufa sclenliiic centre of Russian Academy oi Science, Russa

Assist. Prolessor Chrislina E. Lekka

Depanmenl 01

l/ale

als Science and Eaginee ng, llniversily of oannrna, GBEECE

Doc.lng. Radim Lenort, PhD.

Vysokd

ikola bdiiska

Techncke unlv€rzi1a Oslrava, Fakulla meialurgie a malerdovdho inz€nirslvi CR

Prof. Ing. Valerij Konslanlinovia Lozenko, DrSc.

trloscow

Power

Engneering Instilule Technical Uirversty, Russia

Prol. lng. Jaroslav Nenadel, CSc.

Vysokri 6koh baiske

-

TechnckA univerziia Oslrava, Fakulla melalurgre a maleridov6ho

inieniGlvi

CB

Dr. h.c. Dipl..Finw. Roll Pfrengle

Administml ve D reclor / Executive Board, Leibniz ns1

tut

FW Dresden. SRN

Prof. Ing. l4eria Reiidkov6, CSc.,

Fakulta podnikalelskA VLJT v Brne. Ustavlnanci, CB IlISc. Anna Saniuk, Ph.D.

Facu q/

ol

Economy and Managernenl, Uniwersytet

ol

zielona Gora. Po and

SUN [,lei PhD,

Waseda llniversily,Graduaie schooL of env ronment and energy eng neering, Tokyo, Japan

Doc. Ing. Krzyszlof Witkowski, PhD.

Facully of Econorny and l'lanagemenl. UnwersJ,1el of Zelona Gora, Poland

Doc. PhDr. Ladislav Zapletal, PhD.

Vysoka Skola Karola Engliie a.s , Brno, CB Prof. Dr. Oliver lllomdilovi6

Facullylor managernent, Nov Sad Serba Prof.lng. l,lilan Zeleni, [4.S., Ph.D.

Fordham Universty

al

Llncoln Center, New York, Graduate School oi Bus ness Adminlslral

on

USA

DOMACI eLENOvta (ntand Membe$):

Ing. Miroslava [4ikva, PhD.

Ljslav prlemyselndho nirn erstva

a

manaimentu (UP lr,4),

l,laleria ovolechnolog ckd lakulla (|l,4TF)v Bratrsave so sid om v Tnave, STU

Ing. Stetan Chudoba, PhD.

Sidtny lajorinik, Ministerslvo skols1va, vedy viskurnu a aporlu S ovenskel repub ik

Prof.Ing. [u bom ir Jahnetek, CSc.

l\/lin

sler

podohospodiirslva a

rozvoia videka

Sovenskej repubiky

Dr.h.c. mult. prol.Ing. Jozel Mihok, PhD.

Urad pre nofinaizdcu, metrol6giu a skLjsobniclvo Sovenskej repubiky

Doc. Ing. lveta Paulovii, PhD.

Vysoktl Skola fiana2mentu/Cty Universty ol Seatte, Bralrsava Prof. Ing. Anna Satanovd, CSc

Dreviilska iakuta, Technicka univerzita vo Zvolene Prof. Ing. Krislina Zgodavova, PhD.

Hulnicka lakulla, Techn ckii un verzta Kodrce Prot.Ing. Peler Sakdl, CSc.

UPlll

l,4TF STU, Tmava

Doc. Mgr. Dagmar Cageiove, PhD.

UP M, MTF

STu

Trnava

Doc.Ing. Andrea Chlpekove, PhD.

UP M, MTF STU Trnava Doc.Ing- Jana Sujanove.

csc.

UP M, MTF STU. Trnava Ing. Illartina Horurilhove, PhD.

UPlll. tr4TF STU, Trnava Ing. Marlina Jakibova, PhD.

UP M, ltrlTF STu, Trnava Ing. Marta Kuaerova, PhD.

UPlll. tr4TF STU, Trnava Ing. Lubica ll,lrvov6, PhD.

UPIM, i{TF S'fU, Trnava

Figure

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