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DESCRIPTION QUICK REFERENCE DATA

Monolithic temperature and SYMBOL PARAMETER MAX. UNIT

overload protected logic level power

MOSFET in a 3 pin plastic VDS Continuous drain source voltage 50 V

envelope, intended as a general ID Continuous drain current 13.5 A

purpose switch for automotive PD Total power dissipation 40 W

systems and other applications. Tj Continuous junction temperature 150 ˚C

RDS(ON) Drain-source on-state resistance 125 mΩ

APPLICATIONS

VIS = 5 V

General controller for driving lamps

motors solenoids heaters

FEATURES FUNCTIONAL BLOCK DIAGRAM

Vertical power DMOS output stage

Low on-state resistance Overload protection against over temperature

Overload protection against short circuit load

Latched overload protection reset by input

5 V logic compatible input level Control of power MOSFET and supply of overload protection circuits derived from input

Low operating input current ESD protection on input pin Overvoltage clamping for turn off of inductive loads

Fig.1. Elements of the TOPFET.

PINNING - TO220AB PIN CONFIGURATION SYMBOL

PIN DESCRIPTION 1 input

2 drain 3 source tab drain

POWER MOSFET

DRAIN

SOURCE INPUT

O/V CLAMP

LOGIC AND PROTECTION

RIG

1 2 3 tab

P

D

S I

TOPFET

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LIMITING VALUES

Limiting values in accordance with the Absolute Maximum Rating System (IEC 134)

SYMBOL PARAMETER CONDITIONS MIN. MAX. UNIT

VDSS Continuous off-state drain source VIS = 0 V - 50 V

voltage1

VIS Continuous input voltage - 0 6 V

ID Continuous drain current Tmb ≤25 ˚C; VIS = 5 V - 13.5 A

ID Continuous drain current Tmb ≤100 ˚C; VIS = 5 V - 8.5 A

IDRM Repetitive peak on-state drain current Tmb≤ 25 ˚C; VIS = 5 V - 54 A

PD Total power dissipation Tmb≤ 25 ˚C - 40 W

Tstg Storage temperature - -55 150 ˚C

Tj Continuous junction temperature2 normal operation - 150 ˚C

Tsold Lead temperature during soldering - 250 ˚C

OVERLOAD PROTECTION LIMITING VALUES

With the protection supply provided via the input pin, TOPFET can protect itself from two types of overload.

SYMBOL PARAMETER CONDITIONS MIN. MAX. UNIT

VISP Protection supply voltage3 for valid protection 4 - V

Over temperature protection

VDDP(T) Protected drain source supply voltage VIS = 5 V - 50 V

Short circuit load protection

VDDP(P) Protected drain source supply voltage4 VIS = 5 V - 35 V

PDSM Instantaneous overload dissipation Tmb = 25 ˚C - 0.6 kW

OVERVOLTAGE CLAMPING LIMITING VALUES

At a drain source voltage above 50 V the power MOSFET is actively turned on to clamp overvoltage transients.

SYMBOL PARAMETER CONDITIONS MIN. MAX. UNIT

IDROM Repetitive peak clamping current VIS = 0 V - 15 A

EDSM Non-repetitive clamping energy Tmb≤ 25 ˚C; IDM = 15 A; - 200 mJ VDD≤ 20 V; inductive load

EDRM Repetitive clamping energy Tmb≤ 95 ˚C; IDM = 4 A; - 20 mJ

VDD≤ 20 V; f = 250 Hz

ESD LIMITING VALUE

SYMBOL PARAMETER CONDITIONS MIN. MAX. UNIT

VC Electrostatic discharge capacitor Human body model; - 2 kV

voltage C = 250 pF; R = 1.5 kΩ

1 Prior to the onset of overvoltage clamping. For voltages above this value, safe operation is limited by the overvoltage clamping energy.

2 A higher Tj is allowed as an overload condition but at the threshold Tj(TO) the over temperature trip operates to protect the switch.

3 The input voltage for which the overload protection circuits are functional.

4 The device is able to self-protect against a short circuit load providing the drain-source supply voltage does not exceed VDDP(P) maximum.

For further information, refer to OVERLOAD PROTECTION CHARACTERISTICS.

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THERMAL CHARACTERISTICS

SYMBOL PARAMETER CONDITIONS MIN. TYP. MAX. UNIT

Thermal resistance

Rth j-mb Junction to mounting base - - 2.5 3.1 K/W

Rth j-a Junction to ambient in free air - 60 - K/W

STATIC CHARACTERISTICS

Tmb = 25 ˚C unless otherwise specified

SYMBOL PARAMETER CONDITIONS MIN. TYP. MAX. UNIT

V(CL)DSS Drain-source clamping voltage VIS = 0 V; ID = 10 mA 50 - - V

V(CL)DSS Drain-source clamping voltage VIS = 0 V; IDM = 1 A; tp≤ 300 µs; - - 70 V

δ≤ 0.01

IDSS Zero input voltage drain current VDS = 12 V; VIS = 0 V - 0.5 10 µA IDSS Zero input voltage drain current VDS = 50 V; VIS = 0 V - 1 20 µA IDSS Zero input voltage drain current VDS = 40 V; VIS = 0 V; Tj = 125 ˚C - 10 100 µA

RDS(ON) Drain-source on-state VIS = 5 V; IDM = 7.5 A; tp≤ 300 µs; - 85 125 mΩ

resistance δ≤ 0.01

OVERLOAD PROTECTION CHARACTERISTICS

TOPFET switches off when one of the overload thresholds is reached. It remains latched off until reset by the input.

SYMBOL PARAMETER CONDITIONS MIN. TYP. MAX. UNIT

Short circuit load protection1 Tmb = 25 ˚C; L ≤ 10 µH

EDS(TO) Overload threshold energy VDD = 13 V; VIS = 5 V - 0.2 - J

td sc Response time VDD = 13 V; VIS = 5 V - 0.8 - ms

Over temperature protection

Tj(TO) Threshold junction temperature VIS = 5 V; from ID≥ 1 A2 150 - - ˚C

INPUT CHARACTERISTICS

Tmb = 25 ˚C unless otherwise specified. The supply for the logic and overload protection is taken from the input.

SYMBOL PARAMETER CONDITIONS MIN. TYP. MAX. UNIT

VIS(TO) Input threshold voltage VDS = 5 V; ID = 1 mA 1.0 1.5 2.0 V

IIS Input supply current VIS = 5 V; normal operation - 0.2 0.35 mA

VISR Protection reset voltage3 2.0 2.6 3.5 V

VISR Protection reset voltage Tj = 150 ˚C 1.0 - -

IISL Input supply current VIS = 5 V; protection latched 0.5 1.2 2.0 mA

V(BR)IS Input clamp voltage II = 10 mA 6 - - V

RIG Input series resistance to gate of power MOSFET - 4 - kΩ

1 The short circuit load protection is able to save the device providing the instantaneous on-state dissipation is less than the limiting value for PDSM, which is always the case when VDS is less than VDSP maximum. Refer to OVERLOAD PROTECTION LIMITING VALUES.

2 The over temperature protection feature requires a minimum on-state drain source voltage for correct operation. The specified minimum ID ensures this condition.

3 The input voltage below which the overload protection circuits will be reset.

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TRANSFER CHARACTERISTICS

Tmb = 25 ˚C

SYMBOL PARAMETER CONDITIONS MIN. TYP. MAX. UNIT

gfs Forward transconductance VDS = 10 V; IDM = 7.5 A tp≤ 300 µs; 5 9 - S δ≤ 0.01

ID(SC) Drain current1 VDS = 13 V; VIS = 5 V - 25 - A

SWITCHING CHARACTERISTICS

Tmb = 25 ˚C. RI = 50 Ω . Refer to waveform figures and test circuits.

SYMBOL PARAMETER CONDITIONS MIN. TYP. MAX. UNIT

td on Turn-on delay time VDD = 13 V; VIS = 5 V - 1.5 - µs

tr Rise time resistive load RL = 4 Ω - 8 - µs

td off Turn-off delay time VDD = 13 V; VIS = 0 V - 6 - µs

tf Fall time resistive load RL = 4 Ω - 4.5 - µs

td on Turn-on delay time VDD = 13 V; VIS = 5 V - 1.5 - µs

tr Rise time inductive load IDM = 3 A - 1 - µs

td off Turn-off delay time VDD = 13 V; VIS = 0 V - 10 - µs

tf Fall time inductive load IDM = 3 A - 0.5 - µs

REVERSE DIODE LIMITING VALUE

SYMBOL PARAMETER CONDITIONS MIN. MAX. UNIT

IS Continuous forward current Tmb≤ 25 ˚C; VIS = 0 V - 13.5 A

REVERSE DIODE CHARACTERISTICS

Tmb = 25 ˚C

SYMBOL PARAMETER CONDITIONS MIN. TYP. MAX. UNIT

VSDS Forward voltage IS = 15 A; VIS = 0 V; tp = 300 µs - 1.0 1.5 V

trr Reverse recovery time not applicable2 - - - -

ENVELOPE CHARACTERISTICS

SYMBOL PARAMETER CONDITIONS MIN. TYP. MAX. UNIT

Ld Internal drain inductance Measured from contact screw on - 3.5 - nH

tab to centre of die

Ld Internal drain inductance Measured from drain lead 6 mm - 4.5 - nH

from package to centre of die

Ls Internal source inductance Measured from source lead 6 mm - 7.5 - nH from package to source bond pad

1 During overload before short circuit load protection operates.

2 The reverse diode of this type is not intended for applications requiring fast reverse recovery.

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Fig.2. Normalised limiting power dissipation.

PD% = 100⋅PD/PD(25 ˚C) = f(Tmb)

Fig.3. Normalised continuous drain current.

ID% = 100⋅ID/ID(25 ˚C) = f(Tmb); conditions: VIS = 5 V

Fig.4. Safe operating area. Tmb = 25 ˚C ID & IDM = f(VDS); IDM single pulse; parameter tp

Fig.5. Transient thermal impedance.

Zthj-mb = f(t); parameter D = tp/T

Fig.6. Typical output characteristics, Tj = 25 ˚C.

ID = f(VDS); parameter VIS; tp = 250 µs & tp < td sc

Fig.7. Typical on-state characteristics, Tj = 25 ˚C.

ID = f(VDS); parameter VIS; tp = 250 µs

0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140

Tmb / C

PD% Normalised Power Derating

120 110 100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0

1E-07 1E-05 1E-03 1E-01 1E+01

t / s Zth / (K/W)

10

1

0.1

0.01 0 0.5 0.2 0.1 0.05 0.02

tp D = tp

T P T

t

D

D =

BUK100-50GL

0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140

Tmb / C

ID% Normalised Current Derating

120 110 100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0

0 4 8 12 16 20 24 28 32

BUK100-50GL

VDS / V ID / A

40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0

3 2.5 3.5

4 4.5 5 5.5 6 VIS / V =

1 100

VDS / V 100

10

1

0.1

BUK100-50GL

10 ID & IDM / A

Overload protection characteristics not shown DC

100 us

1 ms 10 ms 100 ms 10 us tp =

RDS(ON) = VDS/ID

0 2 4

BUK100-50GL

VDS / V ID / A

40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0

3 4 5 6

3.5 4.5 5.5

5 3

1

VIS / V =

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Fig.8. Typical on-state resistance, Tj = 25 ˚C.

RDS(ON) = f(ID); parameter VIS; tp = 250 µs

Fig.9. Typical transfer characteristics, Tj = 25 ˚C.

ID = f(VIS) ; conditions: VDS = 10 V; tp = 250 µs

Fig.10. Typical transconductance, Tj = 25 ˚C.

gfs = f(ID); conditions: VDS = 10 V; tp = 250 µs

Fig.11. Normalised drain-source on-state resistance.

a = RDS(ON)/RDS(ON)25 ˚C = f(Tj); ID = 7.5 A; VIS = 5 V

Fig.12. Typical overload protection characteristics.

td sc = f(PDS); conditions: VIS ≥ 4 V; Tj = 25 ˚C.

Fig.13. Normalised limiting overload dissipation.

PDSM% =100⋅PDSM/PDSM(25 ˚C) = f(Tmb)

0 10 20 30

BUK100-50GL

ID / A RDS(ON) / Ohm

0.20

0.15

0.10

0.05

0

5.5 6 5 4.5 4

3.5 VIS / V =

5 15 25 35 -60 -40 -20 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140

Tj / C

a Normalised RDS(ON) = f(Tj)

1.5

1.0

0.5

0

0 2 4 6 8

BUK100-50GL

VIS / V ID / A

40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0

0.01 1

PDS / kW

td sc / ms BUK100-50GL

100

10

1

0.1

0.1

PDSM

0 20 40

ID / A

gfs / S BUK100-50GL

12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0

10 30 50 -60 -40 -20 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140

Tmb / C PDSM%

120

100

80

60

40

20

0

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Fig.14. Typical overload protection characteristics.

Conditions: VDD = 13 V; VIS = 5 V; SC load = 30 mΩ

Fig.15. Typical clamping characteristics, 25 ˚C.

ID = f(VDS); conditions: VIS = 0 V; tp ≤ 50 µs

Fig.16. Input threshold voltage.

VIS(TO) = f(Tj); conditions: ID = 1 mA; VDS = 5 V

Fig.17. Typical DC input characteristics.

IIS = f(VIS); normal operation, parameter: Tj

Fig.18. Typical DC input characteristics, Tj = 25 ˚C.

IISL = f(VIS); overload protection operated ⇒ ID = 0 A

Fig.19. Typical reverse diode current, Tj = 25 ˚C.

IS = f(VSDS); conditions: VIS = 0 V; tp = 250 µs

-60 -20 20 60 100 140 180 220

Tmb / C

Energy & Time BUK100-50GL

1

0.5

0

Energy / J Time / ms

Tj(TO)

0 2 4 6 8 10

VIS / V

IIS / uA BUK100-50GL

500

400

300

200

100

0

150 C 25 C

50 60 70

BUK100-50GL

VDS / V ID / A

20

15

10

5

0

typ.

0 2 4 6 8

VIS / V

IISL / mA BUK100-50GL

3

2

1

0

RESET

PROTECTION LATCHED

NORMAL

-60 -40 -20 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 Tj / C

VIS(TO) / V

2

1

0

max.

typ.

min.

0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1 1.2 1.4

BUK100-50GL

VSD / V IS / A

60

50

40

30

20

10

0

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Fig.20. Test circuit for resistive load switching times.

Fig.21. Typical switching waveforms, resistive load.

VDD = 13 V; RL = 4 Ω; RI = 50 Ω, Tj = 25 ˚C.

Fig.22. Typical switching waveforms, resistive load.

VDD = 13 V; RL = 4 Ω; RI = 50 Ω, Tj = 25 ˚C.

Fig.23. Test circuit for inductive load switching times.

Fig.24. Typical switching waveforms, inductive load.

VDD = 13 V; ID = 3 A; RI = 50 Ω, Tj = 25 ˚C.

Fig.25. Typical switching waveforms, inductive load.

VDD = 13 V; ID = 3 A; RI = 50 Ω, Tj = 25 ˚C.

VDD

D.U.T.

R

0V 0R1

I VIS

ID measure D

S I TOPFET

P

RL

: adjust for correct ID

VDD = VCL

LD

D.U.T.

R

0V t p

0R1 I

VIS

ID measure D

S I

TOPFET

P

0 10 20

RESISTIVE TURN-ON

time / us

BUK100-50GL

10

5

0 VDS / V

VIS / V

ID / A

10%

10%

td on

90%

tr

0 10 20

INDUCTIVE TURN-ON

time / us

BUK100-50GL

10

5

0

VDS / V

VIS / V

ID / A

10%

90%

10%

td on tr

0 10 20

RESISTIVE TURN-OFF

time / us

BUK100-50GL

10

5

0

VDS / V

VIS / V

ID / A 90%

90%

10%

td off

tf

0 10 20

INDUCTIVE TURN-OFF

time / us

BUK100-50GL 15

10

5

0

VDS / V

VIS / V

ID / A 90%

90%

10%

td off tf

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Fig.26. Normalised limiting clamping energy.

EDSM% = f(Tmb); conditions: ID = 15 A; VIS = 5 V

Fig.27. Clamping energy test circuit, RIS = 50 Ω.

Fig.28. Typical off-state leakage current.

IDSS = f(Tj); Conditions: VDS = 40 V; IIS = 0 V.

Fig.29. Normalised input current (normal operation).

IIS/IIS25 ˚C = f(Tj); VIS = 5 V

Fig.30. Normalised input current (protection latched).

IISL/IISL25 ˚C = f(Tj); VIS = 5 V

0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140

Tmb / C EDSM%

120 110 100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0

-60 -20 20 60 100 140 180

Tj / C Iiso normalised to 25 C

1.5

1

0.5

L

D.U.T.

VDD

RIS

R 01 VDS

-ID/100

+

-

shunt VIS

0

P

D

S I TOPFET ID

0 VDS

0

VDD V(CL)DSS

Schottky

-60 -20 20 60 100 140 180

Tj / C Iisl normalised to 25 C

1.5

1

0.5

EDSM=0.5⋅LID2V(CL)DSS/(V(CL)DSSVDD)

0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140

Tj / C 1 mA Idss

100 uA

10 uA

1 uA

100 nA

typ.

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MECHANICAL DATA

Dimensions in mm Net Mass: 2 g

Fig.31. TO220AB; pin 2 connected to mounting base.

Notes

1. Refer to mounting instructions for TO220 envelopes.

2. Epoxy meets UL94 V0 at 1/8".

10,3 max 3,7

2,8

3,0 max 3,0 not tinned

1,3 max (2x)

1 2 3

2,4 0,6 4,5

max

5,9 min

15,8 max

1,3

2,54 2,54

0,9 max (3x)

13,5

min

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DEFINITIONS

Data sheet status

Objective specification This data sheet contains target or goal specifications for product development.

Preliminary specification This data sheet contains preliminary data; supplementary data may be published later.

Product specification This data sheet contains final product specifications.

Limiting values

Limiting values are given in accordance with the Absolute Maximum Rating System (IEC 134). Stress above one or more of the limiting values may cause permanent damage to the device. These are stress ratings only and operation of the device at these or at any other conditions above those given in the Characteristics sections of this specification is not implied. Exposure to limiting values for extended periods may affect device reliability.

Application information

Where application information is given, it is advisory and does not form part of the specification.

 Philips Electronics N.V. 1996

All rights are reserved. Reproduction in whole or in part is prohibited without the prior written consent of the copyright owner.

The information presented in this document does not form part of any quotation or contract, it is believed to be accurate and reliable and may be changed without notice. No liability will be accepted by the publisher for any consequence of its use. Publication thereof does not convey nor imply any license under patent or other industrial or intellectual property rights.

LIFE SUPPORT APPLICATIONS

These products are not designed for use in life support appliances, devices or systems where malfunction of these products can be reasonably expected to result in personal injury. Philips customers using or selling these products for use in such applications do so at their own risk and agree to fully indemnify Philips for any damages resulting from such improper use or sale.

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