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Thiol-maleimide chemistry for autonomous self-healing of epoxy resins


Academic year: 2021

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X. Hillewaere1,3, S. Billiet 1, R. Teixeira 1,3, H. Rahier 2,3 and F. Du Prez 1,3

1 Department of Organic Chemistry, Polymer Chemistry Research Group, Ghent University, Krijgslaan 281, S4-bis, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium – e-mail: xander.hillewaere@ugent.be; stijn.billiet@ugent.be; roberto.teixeira@ugent.be; filip.duprez@ugent.be

2 Department Materials and Chemistry, Physical Chemistry and Polymer Science, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Pleinlaan 2, B-1050 Brussels, Belgium – e-mail: hrahier@vub.ac.be 3 SIM vzw, Technologiepark Zwijnaarde 935, B-9052 Ghent, Belgium

Keywords: self-healing, thermoset, epoxy, thiol-maleimide


In order to develop better performing and longer lasting epoxy thermosets and composites, novel healing agents were inserted into microcapsules and these were then dispersed in the epoxy matrix. The fast and efficient thiol-maleimide chemistry was screened by means of kinetic studies and mechanical testing for the potential use as the main network forming reaction during self-healing, leading to the improved healing efficiencies compared to most of the results obtained in literature so far [1-2]. Furthermore, certain conditions necessary for industrial applicability were met, such as a low toxicity, low cost and stability at both ambient and epoxy processing conditions.


[1] R.F.A. Teixeira, X.K.D. Hillewaere, S. Billiet, F.E. Du Prez, to be published in: W.H. Binder (Ed.), Self-Healing Polymers, Wiley & Sons Inc., New-York, 2013.

[2] S. Billiet, W. Van Camp, X.K.D. Hillewaere, H. Rahier, F.E. Du Prez, Development of optimized autonomous self-healing systems for epoxy materials based on maleimide chemistry, Polymer 53 (2012) 2320–2326.


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